Article 1, paragraph 3, of the Northern Ireland Protocol sets out its objectives: after the vote, Michel Barnier said that the backstop was “part and package” of the UK brexit withdrawal agreement and that it would not be renegotiated. Meanwhile, Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney said the deal was good news. The agreement covers issues such as border controls on animal and plant products, the supply of medicines and the provision of chilled meats and other foodstuffs to supermarkets. On 10 October 2019, Mr Johnson and Leo Varadkar held “very positive and promising” talks that led to the resumption of negotiations[81] and a week later Mr Johnson and Jean-Claude Juncker announced that they had agreed (subject to ratification) on a new withdrawal agreement replacing the backstop with a new protocol on Northern Ireland.2 [82] The border is a sensitive issue because of northern Ireland`s history and peace agreements, including the elimination of visible signs of the border. The statement said: “After intense and constructive work by the EU and the UK in recent weeks, the two co-chairs can now announce their agreement in principle on all issues, including the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland.” Under a pull scheme, the Northern Ireland Protocol, there is no need to control goods along the Irish border when the new uk-EU relationship begins on 1 January. How does it work? However, the Northern Ireland Protocol will remain necessary, whether a trade agreement has been concluded or not, as EU legislation requires a number of standard product controls, even in the event of tariffs being abolished. In order to avoid a border between Northern Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom, Article 6 of the Northern Ireland Protocol proposes that the United Kingdom and EU customs officers act as one from the end of the transition period (December 31, 2020) until the parties agree on a satisfactory alternative for both parties. [33] The single customs territory between the UK and the EU does not apply to fish products: for example, fish transported from Britain to Northern Ireland would be subject to EU tariffs in the absence of a separate fishing agreement. [34] The protocol is due to come into force on 1 January 2021, the first day of new EU-UK relations. The new withdrawal agreement sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union, with amendments to the Northern Ireland Protocol, to eliminate the so-called “backstop” and replace it with rules in line with the government`s objectives. The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s commitment to an ambitious, comprehensive, comprehensive and flexible free trade agreement with the EU, accompanied by a comprehensive and balanced security partnership.